The origins of the Philosophy of Neuroscience workgroup dates back to 2012, when the XV Meeting of ANPOF (Brazilian Philosophical Association) took place in Curitiba. Aware of the lack of a systematic research group on the subject in Brazil, in contrast to the great progress that had been achieved abroad by foreigner peers, researchers (mainly comprised of former members of the Philosophy of Mind and Philosophy of Science workgroups, but also of former members of the Ethics and Theories of Justice workgroup) gathered envisaging the foundation of a dedicated group to to fill the gap in this research area. Thus, in the XVI ANPOF meeting in 2014 (in Campos do Jordão), the first meeting of the Philosophy of Neuroscience workgroup of ANPOF took place under the coordination of Professor Gabriel Mograbi. Soon after, we organized the I International Colloquium of Philosophy of Neuroscience/ the II Meeting of the Philosophy of Neuroscience workgroup, which took place in UFMT (Federal University of Mato Grosso) in December 2014, under the coordination of Professor Gabriel Mograbi with Professor Leonardo Almada as his co-head. The event featured two renowned international speakers: Georg Northoff (Mind, Brain Imaging and Neuroethics Lab/The Royal’s Institute of Mental Health Research (IMHR)/University of Ottawa) and Bernard Baars (Co-founder & Editor in Chief of the Society for MindBrain Sciences, a former Senior Fellow in Theoretical Neurobiology at The Neurosciences Institute in La Jolla, CA.), as well as many of the most important researchers of Brazil in the area. The meeting, in this first edition, did not have a fixed theme to be as inclusive as possible to all researchers in this research area, but it ended up revolving around topics about the self and consciousness. In 2016, the Philosophy of Neuroscience workgroup had its third event in the XVI ANPOF meeting in Aracaju, again under Mograbi’s coordination. At the end of this meeting, Professor Sofia Inês Albornoz Stein was elected as a new coordinator. Then, we have our fourth meeting, in August, 2017, as part of the “X Principia International Symposium” held by UFSC (Federal University of Santa Catarina). Then, in November, 2017, the “II International Colloquium of Philosophy of Neuroscience – Cross-Modal Perception” took place in Unisinos in 2017, under the coordination of Dr. Sofia Inês Albornoz Stein, and featured the renowned philosopher Barry Smith (University of London), founder of the Centre for the Study of the Senses, and Dr. Abigail Prchal (Catedrática de Neurociência Universidad Nacional de Tucumán). Then, the group met again for the seventh time in the 17th ANPOF meeting in Vitória with Professor Beatriz Sorrentino Marques replacing Sofia Stein. In 2021, the first edition of the “III International Colloquium on Philosophy of Neuroscience – Free Will, Agency and its Ethical Implications”/”VIII Meeting of the Work Group” took place online in June. More than one thousand people enrolled in the event, making it the biggest event on philosophy of neuroscience in Brazil ever. This current issue has had a significant qualitative and quantitative improvement, with an increased number of renowned international speakers and reaching a larger national and international audience. Videos of the talks that took place online in the first edition are available on our Youtube channel “neurophilo”. The second edition of 2021 will feature almost all the national and international speakers who presented in the first edition. Contrary to the previous edition, however, this following edition will be held both in-person (in Rio de Janeiro) and online.